Chromium was named after the Greek word for color (chroma) because of the colorful compounds made from it.
As adults, our bodies contain approximately 6 grams of chromium. The highest concentrations of this mineral are found in the hair, spleen, kidneys, and testes. The heart, pancreas, lungs, and brain also contain this trace mineral, but in lower concentrations.
Colloidal Chromium is a unique form of Chromium supplement unlike any of the compounded supplements. It is produced by electrolysis process that creates a pure Chromium colloid containing sub microscopic molecules of 99.9991% pure elemental Chromium which stay suspended in distilled water naturally, without added protein, dyes or stabilizers. This elemental supplement acts as a safe, pure source of the essential mineral Chromium in the natural form the body readily accepts without the complication of any other compound. Just the mineral your body needs in a fast acting, extremely low dose.
Chromium Functions and Uses.
Chromium's primary role in the body is to activate enzymes involved in the metabolism of glucose and the synthesis of proteins.
Its chief functions in the body and therapeutic uses are related to this activity. As we age, many of us appear to become more and more insulin resistant-our bodies no longer respond properly to insulin. This is part of a newly recognized chronic syndrome that has come to be known as Syndrome X.It includes many age-related disorders, such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancer, and eventually leads to full-blown diabetes.
Colloidal Chromium supplements help normalize insulin response and may play a key role in thwarting this dangerous syndrome and the downward health spiral it represents.
Glucose Metabolism Disorders (Diabetes)
Commonly known as blood sugar, glucose is the fuel that our cells burn for energy. The hormone insulin regulates the amount of glucose in our blood by escorting glucose into our cells so that it can be stored for later use. This prevents our blood sugar from rising too high, as occurs in diabetes, or from falling too low, as occurs in hypoglycemia.
Because chromium is the major mineral involved in insulin production, it should come as no surprise that a lack of this mineral interferes with the maintenance of healthy blood sugar levels. There is strong and growing evidence that many disorders of glucose metabolism-namely, diabetes and hypoglycemia-may, in fact, be chromium-deficiency states.
In experiments, chromium supplementation has actually been found to improve glucose tolerance in some diabetics and in people with impaired glucose tolerance. For example, in one study, chromium-enriched yeast was found to improve blood glucose variables and oxidative stress the disabling effects of diabetes, this is good news.
In another study, ten elderly individuals were given chromium supplementation. For four of the subjects-the chromium responders-all abnormal features of the glucose-tolerance test (GTT) disappeared in a short time. These subjects had more severe abnormalities. This suggests that the non-responders might have been so severely deficient in chromium that it would have taken longer for them to show any improvement. Chromium supplementation also improves the insulin resistance associated with diabetes.
Hypoglycemia(low blood sugar levels), which can cause anxiety, over-excitement, and sweats, has been successfully treated in a group of women who took 200 mcg chromium daily, The extra chromium may help correct either a shortage of chromium on the diet, or an inability to metabolize this mineral.
CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS (Cholesterol Lowering)
Chromium depletion has also been implicated in hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol in blood), again because of its role in insulin production and glucose regulation. When glucose levels are elevated and insulin levels continue to rise in an attempt to clear the glucose from the blood and put it into working muscles, the body switches into a fat storing mode.
In this situation, fat tends to be deposited around the abdomen, and people who have this “apple” shape are at higher risk for diabetes and heart disease.
The other problem is that because of the chromium depletion, the quality of glucose is poor and the cells' receptor sites for glucose do not work optimally. This causes another problem: glucose levels remain elevated in the blood, and glucose is one of the building blocks for cholesterol.
In addition to making sure you get optimum amounts of chromium, it is equally important to modify your diet and avoid white flour, sugar, and junk food.
Many researchers believe that insulin-glucose connection. In fact, studies have shown that chromium deficiency tends to decrease the liver's uptake of cholesterol and fatty laboratory experiments, rats fed a chromium-deficient, high-sugar diet showed a dramatically increased accumulation of cholesterol in the arteries.
On the other hand, when rats fed a high-sugar diet were supplemented with chromium, the nutrient significantly lowered their serum cholesterol levels and resulted in less accumulation of lipids in the arteries.
Epidemiological evidence has borne out the results of these laboratory levels are common, high chromium concentrations have been found in the tissues. Moreover, studies have shown that chromium supplements increase high-density lipoproteins (HDL, or good cholesterol) and lower low-density lipoproteins (LDL, or bad cholesterol), in addition to lowering overall cholesterol.
BODY FAT REDUCTION
A preliminary study by Dr. Gary Evans indicated that chromium supplementation was effective in increasing lean body mass (muscle) and reducing the percentage of body fat in male athletes.
There were also reports that lean body mass was increased in females on a weight-training program. A weight-reduction program appeared successful with chromium supplement, L-carnitine, and fiber.
Glaucoma-in which raised pressure in the eye causes blind spots and eventual blindness-has revealed a tendency for low blood levels of chromium. Chromium in colloidal form may be helpful.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that raising chromium intakes can help reduce sweet cravings and hunger, and so help weight reduction.
Chromium Deficiency Signs and Symptoms
The established RDI for chromium is 120 micrograms. According to long-term studies in human subjects, 200-290 micrograms are required daily to maintain a balance or near-balance of chromium.
However, the estimated chromium intake for the average American is 50-100 micrograms per day. This amount is lower than the amount consumed in Italy, Egypt, South America, and India. Even a diet that is considered to be adequate in other respects may be marginal in chromium, and chromium deficiency is believed to be relatively common in the United States, with 80 percent of the population affected, according to some estimates. This is no doubt due at least in part to the refining of grains, which removes over three quarters of the chromium.
It is believed that athletes may be at particular risk for marginal chromium deficiency. Strenuous running places considerable stress on the body and increases the energy requirements by seven- to twenty-fold. This results in changes in hormones and other substances that function in glucose metabolism.
Other Symptoms of a lack of chromium in the body can include:
-Poor blood sugar control
-Dizziness and irritability after six hours without food
-Need for frequent meals
-Strong desire for sweet foods
-Raise blood fats
CHROMIUM FOOD SOURCES
Brewer's yeast, beer, meat (especially liver), cheese, and whole grain cereals and breads are good sources of chromium. Leafy vegetables contain chromium, but in a form that is poorly absorbed. White rice and white bread-both refined products-are poor sources of this mineral. The milling of grains removes up to 83 percent of the chromium, none of which is replaced during the enrichment process.
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